Wherever you are in the world, you can stay connected to your loved ones with a wire transfer. With these reliable electronic payments, you can help your family with the bills or send a gift for a friend’s birthday – even if you can’t be there in person.
But what actually is a wire transfer – and how does it work? In this guide, we’ll cover everything you need to know.
In this article
- What is a wire transfer and how does it work?
- Different types of wire transfer
- What are the pros and cons of wire transfers?
- How to wire money with Western Union
- Wire transfers: FAQs
Wire transfers are electronic money transfers between two bank accounts or financial service providers. They are administered by networks such as the Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT) or Fedwire. These types of money transfers help people send funds all over the world quickly.
The name ‘wire transfer’ is a historical term that stuck. In 1871, Western Union used its continent-spanning telegraph network to launch the world’s first money transfers between Boston, New York, and Chicago1.
Back then, telegraph offices sent payment instructions by ‘wire’ between the cities. This meant someone could deposit cash in Boston for someone else to collect a thousand miles away in Chicago.
Today, the process is similar in principle – but the technology is far more advanced.
How do wire transfers work?
In short, a sender deposits money at a financial institution and provides their recipient’s name, address and banking details. The financial institution then contacts the receiver’s bank, who make the money available at their end from their own reserves. The two banks then settle the money later1.
This is the key difference between wire transfers and other money transfers. In a wire transfer, the two financial institutions don’t send money to one another – they simply deliver payment instructions. It means wire transfers are faster than other transfer methods, as the money isn’t slowed down by bank holds.
International wire transfers
An international wire transfer is deposited in one country and collected in another. In an increasingly globalized economy, these transfers help people across the world send money home and overseas to support friends and family.
International wire transfers can often take longer to clear, as foreign and domestic clearing agencies2 both need to process the funds. While there are generally no bank holds on an international wire transfer, you may have to account for differences in time zones and bank opening hours.
Domestic wire transfers
Domestic wire transfers are usually faster – often arriving on the same day. However, transferring money between different banks can slow the process down.
With Western Union, you can transfer for collection at agent locations all over the world – and your money could arrive in minutes3.
Advantages of a wire transfer
Some of the pros to wire money include:
- Speed – transfers can often arrive swiftly, as there are no bank holds on the funds.
- Reliability – wire transfer services generally follow stringent security measures, including ID requirements from both parties and the reason for the transfer. Payment instructions are handled by international networks like SWIFT.
- Convenience – with Western Union wire transfers, you can send directly to an agent location in minutes3. We also transfer direct to bank accounts across the world.
Disadvantages of a wire transfer
A few drawbacks of wiring money include:
- Fees – you have to pay a charge for every wire transfer you make. If you’re setting up repeat transfers, it might not be the best option financially.
- Cancellations – once your transfer is set in motion, it can be difficult to get it back.
- Scams – you need to be careful you’re transferring to the right person. Learn how to spot fraud.
- Visit our website or download the Western Union® app and get started.
- Create and verify your free online profile. All you need is a valid passport or Australian government-issued driver’s license or 18+ proof of age card.
- Log in to your profile and click send now.
- Choose a destination and enter your amount. You can send money to Western Union® agent locations or bank accounts around the world. You can also send money to accounts and agent locations across Australia.
- Enter your receiver’s details. Have your receiver’s name and address to hand, as well as their preferred pickup location or bank account details.
- Pay for your transfer via debit/credit4card or bank transfer (POLi). You can also pay in cash – but you’ll need to head to your nearest Western Union® agent location to finish the transfer.
To wire money in person, there are a few different steps:
- Find your nearest agent location.
- Take your ID and receiver information with you.
- When you arrive, you’ll be asked to fill out a money transfer form.
- Enter your receiver’s details – including their name, address and bank/agent location details.
- Check the wire transfer details and pay in cash or by card.
In both cases, you’ll receive a receipt with a unique tracking number (MTCN). Share the MTCN with your receiver, so they can track the transfer and see when it arrives in their account or is ready for cash pickup.
Can my bank do a wire transfer?
You can normally make a wire transfer through your bank online or in person.
You’ll need to show:
- A government-issued ID
- Proof of your address
- The purpose of your transfer
- Proof that your bank account or debit card belongs to you
You’ll need some receiver information too. Including your receiver’s:
- Banking SWIFT code
- Full name
- Bank details
How much does a wire transfer cost?
Costs can vary depending on your transfer method, the current exchange rates, transfer fees5 and other factors. With Western Union, you can get a no obligation idea of your fees before you transfer money by using our free calculator.
How long does a wire transfer take?
If you wire money online, through the app or in person to a Western Union agent location, your funds can arrive in minutes3.
A direct to international bank account transfer can often take between one to five working days. This is due to time zones, branch hours and other factors – including your payment method and destination country. Domestic transfers can be far quicker.
What do I need to send a wire transfer?
There are a few key things you need to wire money:
Whether you’re paying online or in person, you’ll need government-issued ID. We accept:
- All passports (Australian and overseas)
- Australian-issued driver’s license
- Australian-issued 18+ proof of age cards – and/or Photo Card
We’ll also need information on the person, location and bank account where the money is sent to verify your receiver details.
You’ll need to provide your receiver’s:
- Name, street address and city
- Bank name, bank city and account number
- Preferred agent location – if you’re sending for cash pickup
To make a transfer, you’ll need money to pay any relevant fees. You can check our fees5 and exchange rates on our price calculator. This also provides an estimate on how long your transfer will take.
When your transfer is confirmed, you’ll receive a unique tracking number (MTCN). Your receiver will need this code to collect their funds – but make sure not to share it with anyone else.
What is SWIFT?
SWIFT is the Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication. It connects 10,000 financial institutions around the world – and facilitates transfers between them through intermediaries. SWIFT issues identifier codes to participating financial institutions. In Australia, this is sometimes called a BIC (Bank Identifier Code).
3 Funds may be delayed or services unavailable based on certain transaction conditions, including amount sent, destination country, currency availability, regulatory issues, identification requirements, Agent location hours, differences in time zones, or selection of delayed options. For mobile transactions funds will be paid to receiver’s mWallet account provider for credit to account tied to receiver’s mobile number. Additional third-party charges may apply, including SMS and account over-limit and cash-out fees. See the transfer form for restrictions.
4 If you’re using a credit card, a card-issuer cash advance fee and associated interest charges may apply. To avoid these fees or for reduced fees, use a debit card or check other payment methods.
5 Western Union also makes money from currency exchange. When choosing a money transmitter, carefully compare both transfer fees and exchange rates. Fees, foreign exchange rates, and taxes may vary by brand, channel, and location based on a number of factors. Fees and rates subject to change without notice.